Pneumonia, or pneumonia, is often perceived by us as a cold with a very high fever, weakness and cough. We are in no hurry to call a doctor, and we treat ourselves, do not trust traditional methods. This is fraught with various complications, even after recovery. What are we most often mistaken about?
Error number one: no vaccinations from pneumonia
Pneumonia vaccination was invented and produced quite a long time ago. But it is effective only when pneumonia is caused by one of the pathogens – pneumococcus. In 52 countries globally, such vaccination against pneumonia has already been included in the National Calendar of Compulsory Childhood Vaccinations. Two foreign pneumococcal vaccines have been registered in Russia: the 7-valent conjugate vaccine “Prevenar” (USA) and the polysaccharide vaccine Pneumo 23 (France). The Prevenar vaccine can be administered to all children from three months of life; the Pneumo 23 vaccine can be issued only from two. “In 70-90% of cases, pneumonia in children under five years of age is caused by pneumococcal infection, which is difficult to treat and gives a high percentage of severe consequences,” says Mikhail Kostinov, M.D., head of the laboratory of vaccine prevention and immunotherapy of allergic diseases of the Institute of Vaccines and Serums. “Therefore, the most reliable and effective means to fight pneumonia is mass vaccine prevention.”
Error number 2: No need to drink antibiotics
It seems to us that we drink antibiotics so often that our bodies are used to them during our lives and are used to them. That is, resistance has arisen, and efficiency has decreased. And with pneumonia, antibiotics are no longer assistants. Humanity has not invented more effective medicines against any inflammatory process than antibiotics. But there is a problem, and it is that the pathogens of pneumonia are a variety of bacteria, microbes and viruses, such as pneumococcal, staphylococcus, haemophilic stick, E. coli, etc. Children more likely adults to suffer from pneumonia, which is caused by microbes mycoplasma. These microbes are similar to both bacteria and viruses. But pneumonia, which is caused by the pathogen legionella, is almost not found in children. By the way, one of the sources of legionella is air conditioning systems. A new group of pathogens – bacteroids, long considered non-pathogenic flora of the mouth – has been discovered. There are also non-biological agents of pneumonia, such as gasoline. Depending on the type of pathogen, and should be prescribed a particular antibiotic for pneumonia. To detect it, you need to analyze the sputum. And it is done in relatively rare cases – when the patient is hospitalized, that is, is in the hospital.
There is such an unpleasant form – hospital pneumonia, to which antibiotics are practically inapplicable. It occurs in patients or medical staff, whose germs – pathogens of pneumonia come from the hospital environment. They are resistant to antibiotics.
Error number 3: it’s worth a good steam
The most common cause of pneumonia is indeed hypothermia. Therefore, it is worth the warmth to treat it. But to go to the bath with pneumonia, especially with large,000, even if there are forces to do so, in any case, it is impossible. The high temperature already tests our cardiovascular system for strength. And in the steam room, the heart may not withstand the temperature blow. The notion that the disease comes out is unfounded. To bring down the temperature in acute pneumonia help, oddly enough, cold compresses, which should be changed every half hour.
At body temperature, up to 37 degrees can be used warming compresses, mustard on the chest, hot leg mustard baths (as a distraction). To facilitate sputum release, give warm milk in half with Borjomi or soda (half a spoon per glass of milk). If thick sputum is released, it shows soothing agents, such as the infusion of herb thermospray, iodine salt solutions. If you like folk remedies, then resort to herbal medicine. It requires three tablespoons of fresh raspberry fruit, which should be brewed with two hot water glasses, infused for 45 minutes, drained and drunk. But in any case, first of all, consult a doctor.
Error number 4: you need to move as little as possible
Of course, at a temperature of 40 degrees, you should not disturb your body with movement. But as soon as the weather has slept to 37 degrees, the lungs are not stagnant; the doctor can recommend physical therapy. It is better to start with breathing exercises: for example, to exhale through a cocktail tube (50-60 cm), the bottom end of which is lowered into a glass of water, to exhale through the lips, folded tube, or to inflate balloons, rubber toys.
Respiratory gymnastics is also recommended.
The starting position is the main rack. Bend your arms in front of your chest – a deep breath, vigorously bring your elbows back and raise your head – exhale.
The starting position is the same. Raise your hands above your head – inhale, put your hands down – exhale. Repeat 15 to 20 times.
3.The starting position – standing, legs at the width of shoulders, hands to the sides – inhale, vigorously lean forward. Touching the floor with your fingers – a prolonged exhalation. Repeat 7-10 times.
4.The starting position is the same, hands-on hips. Make a rotational movement of the torso, alternately in each direction. Repeat 3-5 times each way.
1.8 million children die from pneumonia. And that figure is much higher than the deaths from AIDS, malaria and measles combined.
15-20% – mortality of the elderly and children up to a year from the disease, according to WHO.
Three primary forms of pneumonia
Acute pneumonia,or large pneumonia. It all starts with the strongest chill; the temperature jumps to 40 degrees. One-sided inflammation is accompanied by pain in the side, with bilateral pain covering the entire chest and back in the area of the shoulder blades. Breathing is difficult; the patient suffers from a constant dry cough, which goes into a bloody sputum cough. The temperature lasts about two weeks, and it very weakens the cardiovascular system. Also, during the disease, the brain does not receive enough oxygen.
Sluggish pneumonia is easier, accompanied by not such a high temperature (no more than 38 degrees), lethargy and mild chills, as well as headache and lack of appetite. Most often, it is a complication after ARD, colds, bronchitis, flu.
Protracted pneumonia is a consequence of acute pneumonia, which was stopped from being treated ahead of time. Against its background, the lungs’ emphysema can develop, the regular supply of oxygen to the organs may be disrupted.